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How do Water contaminants relate to health effects?

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Micro Organism

We have organized the information in the following order:

Microorganisms

Contaminants MCL or TT1
(mg/L)2
Potential Health Effects from Ingestion of Water Sources of Contaminant in Drinking Water
Cryptosporidium TT 3
Gastrointestinal illness (e.g., diarrhea, vomiting, cramps) Human and fecal animal waste
Giardia lamblia TT3 Gastrointestinal illness (e.g., diarrhea, vomiting, cramps) Human and animal fecal waste
Heterotrophic plate count TT3 HPC has no health effects; it is an analytic method used to measure the variety of bacteria that are common in water. The lower the concentration of bacteria in drinking water, the better maintained the water system is. HPC measures a range of bacteria that are naturally present in the environment
Legionella TT3 Legionnaire's Disease, a type of pneumonia

Found naturally in water; multiplies in heating systems

Total Coliforms (including fecal coliform and E. Coli) 5.0%4 Not a health threat in itself; it is used to indicate whether other potentially harmful bacteria may be present Coliforms are naturally present in the environment; as well as feces; fecal coliforms and E. coli only come from human and animal fecal waste.
Turbidity TT3 Turbidity is a measure of the cloudiness of water. It is used to indicate water quality and filtration effectiveness (e.g., whether disease-causing organisms are present). Higher turbidity levels are often associated with higher levels of disease-causing microorganisms such as viruses, parasites and some bacteria. These organisms can cause symptoms such as nausea, cramps, diarrhea, and associated headaches. Soil runoff
Viruses (enteric) TT3 Gastrointestinal illness (e.g., diarrhea, vomiting, cramps) Human and animal fecal waste

 

Disinfection Byproducts

Contaminant MCL or TT1(mg/L)2 Potential Health Effects from Ingestion of Water Sources of Contaminant in Drinking Water
Bromate 0.010 Increased risk of cancer Byproduct of drinking water disinfection
Chlorite 1.0 Anemia; infants & young children: nervous system effects Byproduct of drinking water disinfection
Haloacetic acids (HAA5) 0.060 Increased risk of cancer Byproduct of drinking water disinfection
Total Trihalomethanes (TTHMs) 0.10
----------
0.080
Liver, kidney or central nervous system problems; increased risk of cancer Byproduct of drinking water disinfection

 

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