1.800.880.4808
APEC WATER
Products Filters Parts F.A.Q.s Promotions My Account View Cart
Reverse Osmosis Technlogy Water Education
& Your Health
Customer Reviews
& Testimonials
Talk to a WQA Certified
Water Specialist
 
Welcome to APEC Water!

We are America's leading supplier of high quality drinking water systems and information source.
 
 
 
Charity Penguin

At APEC, we strive to provide the best drinking water available to everyone. Even if it means offering a free system to those in need.

Click here to learn more about our Free Drinking Water Donation Program.

Embracing Happiness

 

 

 

 

What is Alkalinity?

1 |

Water Contamination

water sewer

The alkalinity of water is a measure of how much acid it can neutralize. If any changes are made to the water that could raise or lower the pH value, alkalinity acts as a buffer, protecting the water and its life forms from sudden shifts in pH. This ability to neutralize acid, or H+ ions, is particularly important in regions affected by acid rain.

What affects alkalinity?

Total alkalinity is affected by environmental factors; rain, acidic sanitizers, addition of fill water and other product applications can all change the alkalinity over time. Most alkalinity in surface water comes from calcium carbonate, CaCO3, being leached from rocks and soil. This process is enhanced if the rocks and soil have been broken up for any reason, such as mining or urban development. Limestone contains especially high levels of calcium carbonate and when used to decrease acidity in homes can runoff into surface waters and increase alkalinity. Alkalinity is significant in the treatment of wastewater and drinking water because it will influence treatment processes such as anaerobic digestion. Water may also be unsuitable for use in irrigation if the alkalinity level in the water is higher than the natural level of alkalinity in the soil.

U.S.EPA Category Concentration of Calcium Carbonate (mg/L)
Acidified < 1
Critical < 2
Endangered 2 - 5
Highly Sensitive 5 - 10
Sensitive 10 - 20
Not Sensitive > 20

Alkalinity is also closely related to the acid neutralizing capacity (ANC) of a solution and ANC is often incorrectly used to refer to alkalinity. However, the acid neutralizing capacity refers to the combination of the solution and solids present (e.g., suspended matter, or aquifer solids), and the contribution of solids can dominate the ANC (see carbonate minerals above).

1 |

 

Related Articles:

Is the pH of RO Permeate water lower than the feedwaters pH?
pH value of water explained
What are the chemical parameters of good water quality

 

Follow up on Twitter APEC Water - Twitter Or become our fans on facebook APEC Water - Facebook Social Network